春节俗称“年节”，是中华民族最隆重的传 欢度春节统佳节。自汉武帝太初元年始，以夏年（农历）正月初一为“岁首”（即“年”），年节的日期由此固定下来，延续至今。年节古称“元旦”。1911年辛亥革命以后，开始采用公历（阳历）计年，遂称公历1月1日为“元旦”，称农历正月初一为“春节”。 岁时节日，亦被称为“传统节日”。它们历史悠久、流传面广，具有极大的普及性、群众性、甚至全民性的特点。年节是除旧布新的日子。年节虽定在农历正月初一，但年节的活动却并不止于正月初一这一天。从腊月二十三（或二十四日）小年节起，人们便开始“忙年”：扫房屋、洗头沐浴、准备年节器具等等。所有这些活动，有一个共同的主题，即“辞旧迎新”。人们以盛大的仪式和热情，迎接新年，迎接春天。
翻译：The Spring Festival known as "festival", the Chinese nation is the most solemn preach to celebrate the Spring Festival holiday series. Since the first year of emperor the beginning, beginning with summer years (the lunar) for the first day of the first month "at" (the "year"), the date of the festival this fixed down, continue today. Festival times, "New Year's day". 1911 years after the revolution, began to the Gregorian calendar (Gregorian calendar) JiNian, hence say calendar January 1 as "New Year's day", said the first day of the lunar year for "Spring Festival". When old festival, also known as "traditional festival". They has a long history, spread wide, for great popularity, mass, even the characteristics of honor. The day of the festival is ChuJiuBuXin. Although the festival for the first day of the lunar year, but the festival's activities but and more than the first day of the first month this day. From the twelfth 23 (or 24) small festival on, people began to "busy" houses, shampoo and bath, and preparing for the festival appliances, etc. All of these activities, there is a common theme, namely "special". People with big ceremony and enthusiasm to greet the New Year, and meet the spring.
Festival is also offering wish the day of prayer. The ancients refers to a ripe for 一“ millet in ", the grain harvest for "a year". Early zhou dynasty, that has emerged of the celebration of the annual harvest activities. Later, actually became the prayer in the main contents of the call. And, such as kitchen, goalkeeper, mammon, like god, JingShen as the way the gods, during the festival, and earth for incense. People like to take this opportunity to thank the gods of the attention, and wishes for in a New Year can get more bliss. Festival or family reunion, the days of king diyi kiss, fathers. The New Year's eve, the family gathered, eat "reunion dinner", the elder give children distribute "lucky money", the family TuanZuo "shou sui". YuanRi son/years time, firecrackers neat ring, resigned, the activities of the old New Year up to the climax. A salute to his burning incense, and heaven and earth, and the chief fathers, and in turn give thine elder New Year, and to congratulate each other wayward relatives and friends. Yuan in the future, starts to go visit family and friends, gift giving, to a New Year. Festival but also people entertainment gala day. YuanRi later, all sorts of rich and colorful entertainment to carry out activities: play the lion, WuLongDeng, stilted, juggling the yangge dance, theatre, in New Year Spring Festival to celebrate the Spring Festival add rich festival atmosphere. At this point, is worth "year" before, during and after the winter days will have a big ceremony, NiuYingChun whip a wish for the good, the grain harvest. All kinds of activities to jan on January 15, once again, the formation of upsurge.
Therefore, the collection prayer, congratulations, the entertainment is a body festival festival became the most grand holiday of the Chinese nation. And today, in addition to offer a sacrificial activities such as god than ever before to fade beyond, the festival's main custom, are in good condition to inheritance and development. The Spring Festival is the fine tradition of the Chinese national culture of the important carrier, it contains the Chinese cultural wisdom and crystallization, condensing Chinese people's life pursuit and emotional reposing, inheritance of Chinese family ethics and social ethics. After one thousand years of accumulation, colorful folk customs of the Spring Festival, has formed the details profound and unique culture of the Spring Festival. In recent years, as material standard of living rise, people on the cultural life of the rapid growing demand, the family love, friendship, harmony, and happy thirst for more intense, the Spring Festival is a traditional festival, by more and more attention and concern from all walks of life. To carry forward the fine tradition of the condensate Spring Festival culture, outstanding new, blessing of peace and prosperity of the reunion theme, work hard to build harmonious family, stability and unity, joy and harmony in the festive atmosphere, promote Chinese culture griselda, the constant development and expansion.